For all those of us who consider ourselves newcomers when it comes to “the financial world”, then it’s interesting to comprehend the impact of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and its part in the realm of investment. The SEC touts as its mission statement, “… to protect investors, maintain fair, orderly, and efficient markets, and facilitate capital formation” Because many of us need all the help we could 14, that is great.
As a part of the SEC’s assignment, the belief is that to maintain and advance economic growth, capital formation has to flourish. <–more!–> The SEC’s actions protect the value of economies and urge a growing economy. It is that growing economy which should improve our standard of living and should spur the production of new jobs. The SEC provides investor protection that is particularly required by first-time investors intending as faculty funds and home mortgages. Visit this website for more information.
Because of the complexities in the investment world, all investors must do research and question what they do not understand. There are no guarantees when it comes to stocks, bonds. If someone wants security, one choice is to just stick with the world where deposits are guaranteed by the government.
Among the main purposes of the SEC is the fact that it requires public companies to disclose information to the public. The securities sector is regulated – all investors must have access to certain basic facts. The premise is that traders can make decisions if they have timely, comprehensive, and accurate information to help them judge whether to purchase, sell, or hold.
Because the formation of capital is indeed important to the economy of the nation, the SEC works with investors and market participants to address their issues. The SEC is concerned about boosting disclosure of information, protection against fraud, and honest dealing. To that end, it oversees investment advisors, brokers, dealers, mutual funds, and securities exchanges. Every year countless civil actions are taken by the SEC. The most common infractions are insider trading, accounting fraud, and information regarding securities.
How can the SEC obtain the information which they need for enforcement? Most of it comes from investors. This validates the emphasis on investors and providing information that keeps them present. The SEC offers information.
Can the SEC stand as the regulator and the sole overseer? Not. Congress, other federal departments and agencies, the stock trades, state securities authorities, as well as other associations work toward those goals. The President has created the President’s Working Group on Financial Markets, which consists of the Chairman of the Commodities Futures Trading Commission, the Chairman of the Federal Reserve, the Secretary of the Treasury, and the Chairman of the SEC.
What brought about the production of the SEC? Ahead of the 1929 Great Crash regulation for the securities markets wasn’t encouraging. There was no support for regulation that would require financial disclosure, unfortunate because it could have helped prevent the fraudulent stock exchange.
Throughout the 1920s the common goal of several investors was”rags to riches”, This theme was rampant, and most investors turned a blind eye to the risks in the lack of management of market operations. Looking to benefit from the postwar prosperity, many sought to make their fortunes through the stock exchange. Unfortunately, many investors had substantial losses, and the eventual”run” on banks caused many bank failures.
Following the Crash of 1929 and during the depression, Congress looked to identify problems and find solutions. The atmosphere was that recovery was needed by the public confidence in markets. As a result of the hearings, the Securities Act of 1933 and the 1934 Securities Exchange Act have been passed. What those acts accomplished were twofold: 1) companies were required to offer the truth about their business and securities to the general public; and two ) exchanges, traders, and brokers should put traders’ interest and treat investors fairly and honestly.
Now the SEC has 3,100 staff members and operates in 11 regional and district offices. There are five Commissioners. The President designates one of the five Commissioners. No more than three Commissioners may belong to the identical political party, which will be meant to keep the Commission non-partisan. The functions of the Commissioners are as follows: 1) federal securities legislation interpretation; two ) rules amendments; 3) address changing market conditions with new rules; 4) enforce rules and laws.
Section 4 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, made back in 1934 by the Securities and Exchange Commission, also referred to as the SEC. It was created to govern the securities sector, protect investors from fraud, and to apply federal securities laws. A number include the Securities Act of 1933, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, along with the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
The Securities and Exchange Commission Investigations requires public companies to file an Assortment of financial reports with the SEC. Firms must also create these reports available to the general public, Along with submitting these reports. Investors may then use these reports to determine the soundness of potential investments. One of the SEC filing forms includes; F-1 S-1, POS AM, 13D, 144 ARS 10-Q, 10-K, and 8-K. These reports cover the sales of transfers of ownership and management securities, quarterly reports, and reports.
If You’re interested in learning more about the SEC and the legislation that it enforces then you should browse through the following United States Securities Laws: the Securities Act of 1933, the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935, the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, the Investment Company Act of 1940, the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 and the Securities Investor Protection Act of 1970. These acts can be asked in the SEC or the national government printing office in Washington, D.C.
This Commission is, indeed, is a key player in the protection afforded to investors. For the investor that is a veteran or the novice investor, there is that on-going demand for market regulation that is sound. The SEC does more and this.
The SEC is not the enemy… it’s those other men.